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What is asset allocation and diversification?

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Unveiling the Secrets of Crypto Trading: Diversification and Asset Allocation

Understanding Diversification and Asset Allocation

Money matters always come with risks. But managing them is possible. Let's delve into how diversification and asset allocation help mitigate risks in crypto trading.

What is Diversification and Asset Allocation?

First off, let's figure out what these two "divine" words mean: diversification and asset allocation. Diversification is like "not putting all your eggs in one basket," while asset allocation is like dividing your money into different asset classes. In short, these are ways to balance your portfolio.

The Power of Combination

When it comes to crypto trading, it seems like something new pops up every day. But at the core lies a simple truth: the power of combination. By combining different assets, we spread risks not only between asset classes but also within them.

Modern Portfolio Theory

Now onto the most interesting part: Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT). It's like GPS in the world of crypto trading. The essence is to combine assets so that they are not dependent on each other. It's like playing with a puzzle: every piece matters, but only together do they create the complete picture.

Types of Assets and Allocation Strategies

To understand investing, it's important to grasp various types of assets and strategies for their allocation. Here are some of them:

  1. Traditional Assets: These are the ones we're familiar with: stocks, bonds, and cash. They are considered the standard and foundation for many investors.

  2. Alternative Assets: These are something interesting and diverse, including real estate, commodities, derivatives, and cryptocurrencies. They represent non-standard investments that can bring good returns.

Asset Allocation Strategies:

  • Strategic Allocation: This is a classic approach suitable for those who prefer a more passive investing style. The portfolio is rebalanced as needed to match changes in the investor's goals and risk profile.

  • Tactical Allocation: This is for those ready for an active game. The focus is on assets that outperform the market. If a sector outperforms the market, it can continue for some time. At the same time, some degree of diversification is maintained.

It's important to understand that for diversification, assets don't need to be completely independent or fully correlated. It's enough for them to be somewhat interconnected.

Effective Asset Allocation and Diversification

Application of Strategies in Action

Let's say we have a portfolio. According to the asset allocation strategy, we can distribute it as follows:

  • 40% in stocks
  • 30% in bonds
  • 20% in cryptocurrencies
  • 10% in cash

And here's how you can diversify 20% of cryptocurrencies:

  • 70% in Bitcoin
  • 15% in cryptocurrencies with large market capitalization
  • 10% in cryptocurrencies with medium market capitalization
  • 5% in cryptocurrencies with small market capitalization

Detailed Analysis and Adjustment

Once the allocation is set, it's important to monitor and analyze the portfolio regularly. Rebalancing may take time - selling and buying assets to achieve the desired proportions. This process involves selling the most efficient assets and buying less efficient ones. The decision depends on the strategy and investor's goals.

Risk and Reward

Cryptocurrencies are considered one of the riskiest assets. Risk-oriented investors may prefer a higher percentage of bonds - a less risky asset class.

Diversification in Cryptocurrencies

Although theories apply to cryptocurrency portfolios, it's essential to be critical. The cryptocurrency market has a high correlation with the price of Bitcoin, making diversification challenging. How can you create a portfolio independent of the Bitcoin price?

Some altcoins may have lower correlation with Bitcoin, but this is an exception. Currently, traditional strategies are not as effective.

Issues in Asset Allocation: How to Avoid Them

While asset allocation strategies have numerous advantages, they may not suit every investor and portfolio.

Execution, Not Just Planning

Creating a plan is just the beginning. Implementation is the key to success. If you're not ready to set aside biases, your portfolio may suffer.

Complexity of Risk Assessment

Determining the level of risk of assets in advance is a challenging task. Over time, you may want to change the risk level in your portfolio.


Diversification and asset allocation are ancient risk management concepts. Their goal is to maximize returns while minimizing risk. These concepts are crucial for modern portfolio management strategies.

When dealing with cryptocurrencies, it's especially important to be cautious due to their correlation with Bitcoin. The approach to asset allocation should be chosen wisely.

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